Child is shown practical life activities as soon as he enters Abhishta environment. These activities are the preliminary activities which he sees in his daily life. This helps him to connect to the environment. The purpose and aim of Practical Life is to help the child gain control in his movements, and help the child to gain independence and adapt to his society. He will eventually progress towards learning more complicated movements. In order to gain control over his movements, working concentrate in order to complete the work cycle we give practical life first.
Children in this plane don’t have the intelligence to think and make choices, hence from the birth child touches and feel everything. He doesn’t know the difference between hot and cold and so he gets attracted to light and intends to touch it. That is why Montessori through her observation made such materials that the child can feel, touch, manipulate and witness the whole idea of math even without teaching them anything. Through working with the material his senses will be refined. He will know the minute differences.
We know when child is born, he has no idea of how to communicate. He needs to develop his language. He learns his language only through listening, observing mouth movements. We can observe this babbling of the child even before he talks. This is a clear evidence of the child observation power. The more you give to the child in this age, the more the child absorbs. That is why we do more of spoken first and then go to reading and writing. Spoken is activity based and sensorial. We give a clear idea about what is needed to write, speak, and read.
Mathematics is integral part of our life because every discipline of our life is connected to math in some way. We cannot function without mathematics in our life. Math is working in abstract. Mathematical mind allows our intelligence to work in abstract, create, imagine and predict. Because of this nature we are able to create such phenomenal creations. As the child is sensorial learner, we give math in a sensorial way. We give the idea of units, Idea of zero, idea of units coming together to make a quantity, idea of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
Culture is nothing but the ideas, customs, and social behavior of a particular people or society. it is very important for the child to know how the society works, what are its norms, its regulations. Hence Montessori environment has only those elements of culture which belongs to the child’s time/place and by looking at those he can connect to the real world around him and appreciate it. Culture is given sensorially. Language is also provided while giving activities. Culture in Montessori environment comprises botany, zoology, art, science, music, dance, flags, countries, states.